June 20, 2011

Vitamins and Minerals Deficiencies (cont'n.) Part 2


Vitamin D deficiency:
  • Symptoms
  1. Rickets, in children (deformed bones, particularly the spine, legs, and skull; fracture-prone bones, swollen joints; and muscle weakness).
  2. Osteomalacia, in adults (softening of the bones, which causes pain, particularly in the legs, hips, neck, and ribs; fracture-prone bones; and muscle spasms in the hands, feet and throat).
Vitamin E deficiency:
  • Symptoms
  1. Irritability and edema (accumulation of fluid in the tissues), in infants.
  2. Premature aging of the skin.
  3. Hair loss.
  4. Anemia.
Vitamin K deficiency:
  • Symptoms
  1. Poor clotting of the blood (resulting in bleeding from the gums, nose, intestines, and urinary tract; seeping of blood from wounds; and brain hemorrhage, severe cases).
Calcium deficiency:
  • Symptoms
  1. Cramp-like muscle spasms in the face, hands, and feet
  2. Convulsions.
  3. Blood pressure or heart rhythm disorders
  4. Rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults.
  5. It is believed that long-term calcium deficiency may lead to susceptibility to osteoporosis in later life.
Fluoride deficiency:
  • Symptoms
  1. Discolored, decay-prone teeth.
Iodine deficiency:
  • Symptoms
  1. Goiter (enlarged thyroid gland)
  2. Low I.Q.
  3. Hypothyroidism.
  4. Cretinism (physical and mental retardation) in children.
Iron deficiency:
  • Symptoms
  1. Tiredness, weakness.
  2. Palpitation, chest pains.
  3. Breathlessness.
  4. Anemia.
  5. Physical and mental underdevelopment in children.
  6. Low birthweight.
  7. Poor resistance to infection.

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